Instructor for two A&WMA ORS courses, 1993-96
Qualified Environmental Professional, 1994
USEPA Air Pathway Analysis Workshop, 1989
40-Hour OSHA Haz. Waste Site Training, 1986
AMA Project Management Workshop, 1985
Superfund Field Training Certification, 1984
Designed and managed more than 25 ORS field investigations since 1988. Lead author for preparation of USEPA's draft document, "field Standard Operating Procedure for Use of Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy at Hazardous Waste Sites." Conceptualized and directed development of SPECTRAMET-1, a commercially available air dispersion model software package to predict downwind pollutant concentrations in the field based on ORS measurements and on-site meteorological data.
Project manager for CEQR (City Environmental Quality Review) air quality analyses associated with the upgrade of two municipal wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) in New York City. For each facility, this work involves estimating pollutant emission rates from all process and building sources for subsequent use in dispersion modeling to assess compliance with air quality standards at off-site receptors. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is the most problematic pollutant, as significant exceedances were shown, thus requiring emission controls to be included in the upgrade. We continue to work with engineers from Hazen and Sawyer, the City's engineering consultant and our client, to identify the precise combination of controls for each source sub-area minimally necessary to achieve compliance. In this manner, huge cost savings will be realized by avoiding the over-engineering of emissions controls.
Project manager for a $300,000 air quality engineering assessment for a municipal solid waste incinerator in Rutland, Vermont. The project involved detailed engineering studies in support of the Clean Air Act and Vermont's Hazardous Most Stringent Emission Rate (HMSER) regulation, and included a comprehensive assessment of ambient air quality involving dispersion modeling in complex terrain. Work included negotiations with the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources and participation at numerous Agency meetings.
Project manager for all phases of the highly publicized radiological soil and indoor air investigation in residential Montclair/Glen Ridge/West Orange, New Jersey. More than 22,000 hours were spent by 30 field and support personnel involving: radon grab sampling in more than 500 homes; gamma radiation exposure-rate assessment via downhole gamma logging and soil characterization; and installation, development, and quarterly monitoring of 16 groundwater wells. Soil volume estimates for removal were made based on a correlation model developed to estimate the relationship between radium-226 activities and corresponding depth-averaged gamma readings.
Designed and managed 2-year intensive air quality investigation for 17 VOCs in a residential area downwind of the Lipari Landfill site, No. 1 on USEPA's National Priorities List (NPL) for cleanup. This was perhaps the most extensive air quality investigation conducted to date anywhere in the US under Superfund. USEPA's TAGA-6000E (Trace Atmospheric Gas Analyzer) was employed to conduct continuous road segment, backyard, and neighborhood monitoring. Results were used as input to an air quality prediction model to estimate annual air toxics exposure to downwind residents.
Project manager for design of a remedial investigation / feasibility study (RI/FS) for a New Jersey site characterized by widespread dioxin and very high levels of pesticides in the soil, and which included buried World War II munitions.
Principal investigator for a 2-year regional acid rain study in and around the New York metropolitan area, and co-investigator in the 1978 USEPA Northeast Summer Oxidant Study to develop a layered urban ozone model. Co-investigator in a sulfate/visibility study to characterize long-range pollutant transport, and a co-investigator in a joint project with Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute to assess the diurnal nature and transport of ozone and reactive hydrocarbons at various heights in New York City. Coordinated 24-hour field response team for odor complaints in New York/New Jersey/Connecticut. Participated in 1976 Great Lakes Summer Research Project to test the photostationary state theory for ozone.
Designed and directed development of a computer-based graphics system for hazardous chemical emergency spill response and contingency planning.
Managed or reviewed and approved more than 200 preliminary assessments (PAs) and site inspections (SIs), and numerous special studies or enforcement-support studies, for the USEPA Region 2 Superfund program.
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Use of Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy to Support Development of Refined Estimates of H2S Emissions from a New York City Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant. Minnich, Timothy R. et al.. Proceedings of 95th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, June 2002.
Use of Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy to Address air Monitoring Needs During Site Remediations. Minnich, Timothy R. et al. pp. 79-92 of Remediation Journal (invited article), Summer 1999, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
CAA and Open-Path Spectroscopy. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. pp. 14-16 of Environmental Testing & Analysis (invited article), Volume 5, Number 4, May 1996.
Use of Optical Remote Sensing and Flux Chamber Technologies for Determining Emission Rates from a Pulp Mill Wastewater Treatment Facility. Schmidt, Charles E.; Barton, Douglas A.; Hasegawa, Mark; Minnich, Timothy R.; et al. Proceedings of 87th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, OH, June 1994.
The Role of Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy in the Development of a Successful Accidental Release Detection Program. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of A&WMA/CMA International Symposium on Optical Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, Atlanta, GA, October 1993.
Remote Sensing of VOCs: A Methodology for Evaluating Air Quality Impacts During Remediation of Hazardous Waste Sites. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. pp. 247-255 of Sampling and Analysis of Airborne Pollutants, Winegar, E.D. and Keith, L.H., editors, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, 1993.
Air Monitoring During Site Remediations Using Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy.
Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of HMC/Superfund '92 Conference
and Exhibition, Washington, D.C., December 1992.
Measurement of Methane Emissions in the Plume of a Large Coal Strip Mine Using Long-Path Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Piccot, Stephen; Chadha, Ajay; Kirchgessner, David; Minnich, Timothy R.; et al. Proceedings of 84th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C., June 1991.
A Software Package for Assessing Downwind Air Quality Impact in Real-Time Based on Open-Path FTIR Measurement Data. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of 1991 USEPA/A&WMA International Symposium on Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Durham, NC, May 1991.
Determination of Site-Specific Dispersion Coefficients in Support of Air Monitoring at Lipari Landfill. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of 1991 USEPA/A&WMA International Symposium on Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Durham, NC, May 1991.
Interpretation of ppm-meter Data from Long-Path Optical Monitoring Systems as Used at Superfund Hazardous Waste Sites. Pritchett, Thomas H; Minnich, Timothy R.; et al. Proceedings of Second International Symposium on Field Screening Methods for Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Chemicals, Las Vegas, NV, February 1991.
Special Report: Air Monitoring - Optical Remote Sensing Ready to Tackle Superfund, RCRA Emissions Monitoring Tasks. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. HAZMAT WORLD, May 1990.
Remote Optical Sensing of VOCs: Application to Superfund Activities. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of 1990 USEPA/A&WMA International Symposium on Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Raleigh, NC, May 1990.
Air Toxics Monitoring: A Comparison Between Remote Sensing and Point Monitoring Techniques. Bath, Raymond J.; Minnich, Timothy R.; et al. Proceedings of American Chemical Society National Meeting, Miami Beach, FL, September 1989.
Remote Sensing of Air Toxics for Pre-Remedial Hazardous Waste Site Investigations. Minnich, Timothy R., et al. Proceedings of 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, June 1989.
The Pre-Remedial Air Toxics Program: A Case Study Using Remote Sensing. Grupp, David; Rojek, Gary; Bath, Raymond J.; Minnich, Timothy R.; et al. Proceedings of 1989 USEPA/A&WMA International Symposium on Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Raleigh, NC, May 1989.
The Distribution and Transport of Sulfate "Species" in the
New York Metropolitan Area During the 1977 Summer Aerosol Study. Lioy,
Paul J.; Samson, Perry J.; Tanner, Roger L.; Leaderer, Brian P.; Minnich,
Timothy R., et al. Atmospheric Environment, 14, 1980, pp. 1391-1407.
USEPA Air Pathway Analysis Workshop, 1989
USEPA HRS-2 Superfund Workshop, 1989
AMA Project Management Workshop, 1985
40-Hour OSHA Haz. Waste Site Training, 1985
Superfund Field Training Certification, 1984
Managed turnkey air permitting projects in support of several cogeneration projects. A major accomplishment involved completion of a $1.1 million "benchmark" air permitting study in support of a gas-fired cogeneration plant in Brooklyn, New York. Work entailed addressing the requirements of the Clean Air Act (as amended in 1990) and applicable New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) air pollution control regulations. Procurement of PSD (prevention of significant deterioration) and NAA (nonattainment area) permits were required pursuant to the applicability of USEPA New Source Review (NSR) regulations. This involved detailed BACT (best available control technology) and LAER (lowest achievable emission rate) reviews, and assessment and subsequent procurement of required emissions offsets. Other cogeneration projects involved preparation, submittal, and procurement of RACT (reasonably available control technologies) noncompliance plans for existing sources, and ensuring their subsequent implementation pursuant to CAA Title I regulations as implemented by the NYSDEC.
Managed a model validation study involving use of open-path FTIR spectroscopy for a confidential client in Texas in support of a litigation case. A tracer gas was used to simulate normal facility operations, and downwind path-integrated monitoring results were compared to path-integrated concentrations as predicted by the ISCST Model.
Managed a $1 million special field study for the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company Avon Lake Power Plant to investigate the impact of the Avon Lake upon dispersion of air pollutants from the facility in support of a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision to allow use of higher sulfur-content coal. The project involved use of LIDAR for in situ air dispersion coefficient determination to develop a less-conservative site-specific air quality model which was approved for use by the appropriate regulatory agencies.
Managed a $250,000 air quality modeling study for Central Illinois Light Company (CILCO) to determine the extent to which the sulfur dioxide emission standards for the Edwards Station could be revised upwards, and still ensure attainment of all National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and PSD increments. All sources (33 stacks) in the Peoria area were modeled at each of 398 prediction locations based on 5 years of meteorological data. Results of this study allowed CILCO burn the higher sulfur-content coal, and led to a cost savings of more than $1 million per year.
Managed all air investigation activities in support of site-wide remedial activities at an industrial facility in New Jersey. Work included a baseline air monitoring program to estimate volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from an on-site wastewater lagoon, comprehensive assessment of contaminant migration via the air pathway from more than 10 on-site sources in support of a baseline endangerment assessment, and preparation of all necessary NJDEP air permit applications for pilot- and full-scale waste solidification equipment.
Re-wrote the corporate Quality Assurance Manual for NUS Corporation's Waste Management Division and Superfund Division, and developed and implemented a comprehensive QA/management training program for staff. Provided management and training to project managers to ensure all work was performed using a planned, systematic approach in conformance with applicable guidelines and procedures. Also, developed and implemented procedures for monitoring project activities to verify compliance with QA and contractual requirements and to assess QA program effectiveness. Conditions adverse to quality were routinely evaluated to ensure the effectiveness of corrective actions, and to ensure that appropriate measures were taken to preclude recurrence.
Developed USEPA Region 2 Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the design and execution of air monitoring studies using open-path FTIR and UV techniques.
Conducted meteorological tower siting study in support of emergency preparedness plan development for a nuclear power plant located in complex terrain in western Pennsylvania.
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Air Pathway Analysis Using Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy at a Repository for the Disposal of Salt Cake Fines. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 86th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, June 1993.
VOC Emission Rate Determinations Using Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy During Pilot-Scale Site Disturbance and Remediation Activities: A Case Study Using the Ratio Technique. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 85th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Kansas City, MO, June 1992.
Air Pathway Analyses Using Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy During Waste Removal and Solidification Activities at a Large Industrial Lagoon. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 85th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Kansas City, MO, June 1992.
Validation of a Gaussian Plume Dispersion Model Based on Data from the Kansas Open-Path FTIR Intercomparison Study. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 85th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Kansas City, MO, June 1992.
Air Pathway Monitoring for a Land Ban No-Migration Petition. Lupo, Mark J.; Magnuson, Charles E.; Scotto, Robert L.; et al. Proceedings of 84th A&WMA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, B.C., June 1991.
A Method for Estimating VOC Emission Rates from Homogeneous and Non-Homogeneous Area Sources Using Remote Sensing. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 1991 USEPA/A&WMA International Symposium on Measurement of Toxic and Related Air Pollutants, Durham, NC, May 1991.
Emissions Estimation and Dispersion Analysis Using Path-Integrated Air Measurement Data from Hazardous Waste Sites. Scotto, Robert L., et al. Proceedings of 83rd A&WMA Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, June 1990.
Remote Sensing Data Quality Objectives and Quality Assurance for a
Pre-Remedial Hazardous Waste Site Program. Scotto, Robert L., et al.
Proceedings of 82nd A&WMA Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, June 1989.
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